Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation: APA Style

MLA, APA, AMA, Chicago

What is "APA Style"?

Research "style" is very simply the set of instructions and format that a particular discipline uses when writing papers and citing resources.  Different areas of study do things a little bit differently.  APA Style is used for many social and behavioral science courses.  APA stands for the American Psychological Association.

Additional Resources

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association - 7th edition

In-Text Citations

You cite the author(s), the year, and the page numbers (p.).

According to Jones (1998), "students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).

Jones (1998) found "students often had difficulty using APA style" (p. 199); what implications does this have for teachers?

She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

More examples

References page

Electronic resources:

Periodicals from the library's online databases:

Scholarly journals:
Authors(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), page numbers (if available). doi or url

Chen, F., Zhuo, C., Xiao, X., Pendergast, T. H., & Devos, K. M. (2021). A rapid thioacidolysis method for biomass lignin composition and tricin analysis. Biotechnology for Biofuels, 14(1). https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A650604038/AONE?u=kctcsmctc&sid=bookmark-AONE&xid=ad67048e

Magazines:
Authors(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue), page numbers (if available). doi or url

Moskowitz, C. (2021). Escalating Drought. Scientific American, 325(5), 74. https://libproxy.kctcs.edu/Madisonville?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=152987589

Newspapers:
Authors(s). (Year, Month Day if available). Title of article. Title of Periodical, page numbers (if available). doi or url

Lin, R.,II. (2018, May 22). California's own ash heap of history; Lassen and state's other volcanoes offer a warning. Los Angeles Times. https://libproxy.kctcs.edu/Madisonville?url=https://www.proquest.com/newspapers/californias-own-ash-heap-history-lassen-states/docview/2042009063/se-2?accountid=12223

Websites:

Authors(s). (Year, Month Day if available). Title of page. Website. url

Price, D. (2018, March 23). Laziness does not exist. Medium. https://humanparts.medium.com/laziness-does-not-exist-3af27e312d01

More examples


Print resources:

Books
Last Name, F. (Year). Title of Book. Publisher.

Stoneman, R. (2008). Alexander the Great: A life in legend. Yale University Press.

More examples

 

Periodicals:
Scholarly journals:
Author(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pages. 

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5–13.

Magazines:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day if available). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pages. 

Peterzell, J. (1990, April). Better late than never. Time, 135(17), 20–21.

Newspapers:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day if available). Title of article. Title of Periodical, pages. 

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, 1A, 2A.

More examples