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Citation: AMA Style

MLA, APA, AMA, Chicago

What is "AMA Style"?

Research "style" is very simply the set of instructions and format that a particular discipline uses when writing papers and citing resources.  Different areas of study do things a little bit differently.  AMA Style is often used in medical and scientific publishing.  AMA stands for the American Medical Association.

Additional resources

AMA Manual of Style - 11th Edition

In-Text Citations

You use superscripts (example: ¹) in the body of your paper and include footnotes at the bottom of each page with the bibliographic information. (See next box for examples of bibliographic information included in the footnotes, as well as in the Bibliography at the end of your paper.)

As Smith et al have reported,1-3,5

Smith et al reported1-3,5:

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Reference List

Electronic resources:

Periodicals from the library's online databases:

Scholarly journals:
Author(s). Title. Journal Name. Year;vol(issue no.):inclusive pages. url or doi:

Csonka V, Bódis B, Kovács D, et al. Screening for the presence of scleroedema adultorum of Buschke in patients with diabetes mellitus: newly diagnosed patients had a high prevalence of dyslipidaemia. Lipids in Health & Disease. 2021;20(1):1-10. doi:10.1186/s12944-021-01473-1


AuthorLastname FirstInitialMiddleInitial or the name of the group. Title of the specific item cited (if none is given, use the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of the website. Date published. Updated date. Accessed date. URL [provide URL and verify that the link still works as close as possible to publication].

Why Immunize? Updated September 23, 2014. Accessed April 7, 2015.

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Print resources:

Author(s). Book title. Publisher; Year.

Silverstein A, Silverstein VB, Nunn LS. Cancer. Twenty-First Century Books; 2006.

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Scholarly journals:
Author(s). Title of article. Title of Journal. Year;Volume number(issue number):pages.

Beran RG, Braley TJ, Segal BM, Chervin RD. Sleep-disordered breathing in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2013;80(14):1354-1355.

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